May 16, 2021

What is Industrial Revolution | Journey from 1.0 to 4.0

 The world we see today is changing day by day and the use of science and technology gadgets and appliances is increasing in our day-to-day life. How is this possible? For example, the typewriter to the digital wireless keyboard, from the Rotary dial telephone to video calls in smartphones, from the beginning of computers to laptops and tablets, from the world's first car to a fully automatic driverless car. All these changes are possible due to Research and Development (R&D)which is also an important reason for the Industrial Revolution.

All about Industrial Revolution and its inventions

    What is the Industrial Revolution?

    The Industrial Revolution is a stage of history that goes from the mid-1700s to the 1840s and began in England almost entire mankind's life had been based on agriculture in the 18th century.

    The term Industrial Revolution was first used by European scholars George Michelin and Fredrich Angles in Germany. 

    When did the Industrial Revolution start?

    The period from the mid-1700s to 1840 was the Industrial Revolution because of all the technological advances made. A huge number of inventions during these 150 years completely changed the way people lived and worked. There were mainly two different Revolutionary periods called the First and Second Industrial Revolutions.

    Journey of the Industrial Revolution

    You will learn about the recent inventions and transformations of technology from the manufacturing industry to the IT industry.

    Industrial Revolution 1.0

    Inventions during first Industrial Revolution

    The period of the first Industrial Revolution has been from 1760 to 1850. The Industrial Revolution started in Britain at that time. Technology and innovations were of British origin by the 18 century, Britain had become the leading commercial nation of the world rooftop development of trade and business through the activities of the East India Company was one of the major reasons behind the industrial revolution. 

    The first Industrial Revolution is also known as the Mechanization of Industries. Handmade products started to be used to use machines.

    The first use of machines started in the textile industry. The manufacturing process leads to a new transformation from the beginning of the first industrial revolution. 

    This transformation included increasing the number of machines from hand production methods, new chemical manufacturing iron production, process steam power, water power, and manufacturing new machine tools. Talking about some important inventions during the first industrial revolution.

    Inventions during the 1st Industrial Revolution:

    It started in England with the three major inventions

    • The spinning Jenny was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves. (An engine for harvesting wool and cotton usually patented in 1770.)
    • Watt Steam Engine, the Scottish engineer James Watt invented the first practical steam engine in 1763.
    • The Locomotive was the first recorded steam railway journey on 21 February 1804 carrying 10 tons of iron in some men for 9.7 miles at an average speed of 2.44 mph.

    Industrial Revolution 2.0

    Inventions during second Industrial Revolution

    The Second Industrial Revolution began around 1860 to 1914. Which was a period of rapid standardization and industrialization. Talking about Industry 2.0 most of the ideas and inventions of Industry 1.0 have been applied to develop and use new technology.

    The Second Industrial Revolution is also known as Electrification.

    Inventions during the 2nd Industrial Revolution:

    • Instead of water and stream-based machines, the use of electrical machines started increasing which was low cost and efficient.
    • Another big area of improvement was the harnessing of electricity which gave rise to electric bulbs, electric lights, electric signals, telephones, and typewriters.
    • Knuckle couplers are used to join the train coaches.
    • The steam turbine was also an important invention developed by Sir Charles Parson in 1884 connecting the dynamo to generate 7.5 of electricity.
    • During this time automobile industry was born when Karl Benz invented the world's first automobile car in 1885.

    Industrial Revolution 3.0

    Inventions during third Industrial Revolution

    The third Industrial Revolution started in the 20th century. 

    The third Industrial Revolution is also called as Digital revolution.

    Inventions during the 3rd Industrial Revolution:

    There were many inventions during this Revolution that gave birth to a new era.

    • It included computers cell phones, internet-integrated chips IC, microprocessors, etc.
    • During this revolution (PLC) Programmable Logic controller was a historical invention built in the 1960s to set up Electronics and programs to automate and manually operate machines.
    • The biggest example of this is the NC numerical control machine in which machine tools were automated which is known as the CNC machine
    • In 1952 by collaborating with Richard Kegg (MIT) the world's first CNC milling machine was invented.
    • The Internet was invented by the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), in 1969 by sending the first message via the Internet.
    • Subsequently, Tim Berners-lee invented the World Wide Web (www)wherein 1989.

    Industrial Revolution 4.0 

    Inventions during fourth Industrial Revolution

    The fourth Industrial Revolution is a collective term that combines automation, data exchange, and manufacturing technologies. The phrase 4th revolution was first introduced by World Economic Forum chairman Klaus Schwab.

    What is Industry 4.0?

    Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution, which emphasizes the integration of advanced technologies such as AI, IoT, and cloud computing in the manufacturing sector. The significance of Industry 4.0 is that it aims to improve efficiency and effectiveness, resulting in increased productivity and profitability, and a shift towards a more sustainable and data-driven industry.

    Inventions during the 4th Industrial Revolution:

    4th Industrial Revolution includes many emerging Technologies some of which we are seeing today,

    • Robotics, Artificial intelligence, Nanotechnology, Quantum computing, Biotechnology, IOT  (internet of things), wireless technology, 3D printing, fully automated vehicles, 3D scanning, etc.
    • To make the machine smarter in Industry 4.0 cyber-physical systems are being used to enable the machine to make intelligent smart and self-decisions for different processes in industries.
    • Apart from all this, Augmented reality and Virtual reality are an important part of the fourth industrial revolution. 
    • Robotics will also play an important role in the fourth industrial revolution, which will replace humans in the future.

    Robotics is converting special low-skill processes into automatic work processes all over the world. It is just the beginning of the fourth industrial revolution. We know the Sophia humanoid robot which has become a citizen of Saudi Arabia and was the first robot to get citizenship in any country.


    Surely the day is not too far when we will get all the work done by robots in our day-to-day life and sometimes use a fully automated and driverless car instead of taxis to go out somewhere.

    So this was the journey of Industrial Revolution 1.0 to 4.0 as the research and development and inventions progressed the transformation and Technology based on it changed the industries.

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