September 21, 2020

Mini Project On "Hydraulic Powered Track".

What is Hydraulics?

 Hydraulics is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving liquids' mechanical properties and use. Fluid Mechanics provides the theoretical foundation for hydraulics, which focuses on applied engineering using the property of fluids. Hydraulic is used for the generation, the transmission of power by pressuring fluid, controlling, and many applications. 

About the Project?   

This project comes under "FLUID MECHANICS". 
Hydraulic Powered Track is a wonderful application when it comes to fluid mechanics, these are used in the applications of parking systems or if there is huge traffic on the bridges this system comes under consideration. In the project, the track is hydraulically regulated using syringes loaded with fluid. 

Mini project | Hydraulics

It consists of a predesigned manner that is guided in a constrained way to obtain the required output. The process is governed by a law introduced by Pascal known as Pascal's Law.

Pascal's law states that:

"when there is an increase in pressure at any point in a confined fluid, there is an equal increase at every other point in the container."


The concept behind making this project:-

The basic concept used in the project was Pascal's law. The law states that when pressure is applied at one end of a fluid constrained in a constrained volume the pressure due to that force is equally transmitted to all points of the fluid, which are acted upon by the same pressure. Using the same concept of the law it is implemented in the project. 

Pressure | Unit Area | Hydraulics | Force | Piston
Principle of Hydraulic System

The figure says it all, If we apply pressure to the fluid in a syringe it is transmitted through a tube where another syringe is connected. The motion of the syringe is used to move the track from one floor to another as shown in the figure. The desired displacement due to one syringe will move the track to a certain height to be elevated from one track to another.

The basic idea behind any hydraulic system is very simple: Force that is applied at one point is transmitted to another point using an incompressible fluid. The fluid is almost always an oil of some kind. The force is nearly always multiplied in the process.

A Video Demonstration of Working Model



Applications and Advantages of Hydraulic-powered Track:-

We require hydraulic bridges because hydraulic systems have many advantages as compared to purely mechanical and electrical systems.

  • Ease and accuracy of control.
  • Multiplication of forces. 
  • Maintenance is comparatively less.
  • Constant force and torque.
We can use this type of system where there is a huge amount of traffic such as on bridges, roads, and many more.

But there are also some short Disadvantages:-

  • Handling hydraulic fluids can be messy 
  • It is also difficult to eliminate leakages from the system.
  • Most hydraulic fluids are highly inflammable so they can catch fire.

Conclusion:

  • A simple concept but effective if we imply it correctly.
  • The design uses extremely simple ideas and mechanisms to achieve a complex set of actions.
  • But most care should be taken while handling such mechanisms as it can lead to fatal accidents.
  • The track is designed in such a way that the car can go quickly through it and can have a perfect turn.

Thus, by this model using the hydraulic system, we can reduce vehicle time and ease the parking process.  

This was my second-year project made with my team with lots of effort.
I hope you all liked the project if so please do comment and also visit my other blogs.😊

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